Wednesday, May 1, 2019

SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals

Global Goals for Sustainable Development Goal 17: Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development



A successful sustainable development agenda requires partnerships between governments, the private sector, and civil society. These inclusive partnerships built upon principles and values, a shared vision, and shared goals that place people and the planet at the centre, are needed at the global, regional, national and local levels.

Urgent action is needed to mobilize, redirect and unlock the transformative power of trillions of dollars of private resources to deliver on sustainable development objectives. Long-term investments, including foreign direct investment, are needed in critical sectors, especially in developing countries. 

These include sustainable energy, infrastructure, and transport, as well as information and communications technologies. The public sector will need to set a clear direction. Review and monitoring frameworks, regulations and incentive structures that enable such investments must be retooled to attract investments and reinforce sustainable development. National oversight mechanisms such as supreme audit institutions and oversight functions by legislatures should be strengthened.

Facts and figures

*Official development assistance stood at $135.2 billion in 2014, the highest level ever recorded
*79 percent of imports from developing countries enter developed countries duty-free
*The debt burden on developing countries remains stable at about 3 percent of export revenue
*The number of Internet users in Africa almost doubled in the past four years
*30 percent of the world’s youth are digital natives, active online for at least five years
*But more four billion people do not use the Internet, and 90 percent of them are from the developing world

Goal 17 targets
Finance 

*Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection

*Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 percent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries

*Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources

*Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief, and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress

*Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries

Technology

*Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism
*Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed
*Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology

Capacity building

*Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation
Trade

*Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda
*Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020
*Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access

Systemic issues 
Policy and institutional coherence

*Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence
*Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development
*Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development
Multi-stakeholder partnerships

*Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries, in particular developing countries
*Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships

Data, monitoring and accountability
*By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts
*By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries

PROGRESS OF GOAL 17 IN 2018

Goal 17 seeks to strengthen global partnerships to support and achieve the ambitious targets of the 2030 Agenda, bringing together national governments, the international community, civil society, the private sector, and other actors. Despite advances in certain areas, more needs to be done to accelerate progress. All stakeholders will have to refocus and intensify their efforts on areas where progress has been slow.

In 2017, net ODA totaled $146.6 billion in 2017, a decrease of 0.6 percent from 2016 in real terms. ODA as a share of donors’ gross national income (GNI) remained low, at 0.31 percent.
In 2016, remittances to low- and lower-middle-income countries were more than three times the amount of ODA they received.

In LDCs, debt service as a proportion of exports of goods and services increased for five consecutive years—from a low of 3.5 percent in 2011 to 8.6 percent in 2016.
In 2016, high-speed fixed-broadband reached 6 percent of the population in developing countries, compared to 24 percent in developed countries.

Total ODA for capacity-building and national planning amounted to $20.4 billion in 2016, representing 18 percent of total aid allocable by sector, a proportion that has been stable since 2010.

The developing regions’ share of world merchandise exports declined for two consecutive years: from 45.4 percent in 2014 to 44.2 percent in 2016, a sharp contrast to an average annual 1.2 percentage point increase between 2001 and 2012. For LDCs, the share of world merchandise exports decreased from 1.1 percent to 0.9 percent between 2013 and 2016, compared to the rise from 0.6 percent to 1.1 percent between 2000 and 2013.

In 2017, 102 countries or areas were implementing national statistical plans. Sub-Saharan Africa remained in the lead, with 31 countries implementing such plans; however, only three of them were fully funded.

In 2015, developing countries received $541 million in financial support from multilateral and bilateral donors for all areas of statistics. This amount represented only 0.3 percent of total ODA, short of what is needed to ensure that countries in developing regions are better equipped to implement and monitor their development agendas.

During the decade from 2008 to 2017, 89 percent of countries or areas conducted at least one population and housing census.

Source: Report of the Secretary-General, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018